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Government Of Assam Handloom Textiles & Sericulture Directorate of Sericulture

Know about Silk and its Production in Assam

Assam is the gateway to the north-east, a state known for its breathtaking scenic beauty, rarest flora and fauna, lofty green hills, vast rolling plain, mighty waterways and a land of fairs and festivals.

Assam not only has a fertile alluvial plain for growing rice, but also is famous for tea and a great resource of minerals and oil. Nature has ungrudgingly blessed Assam with an abundance of scenic grandeur, a wealth of rare and near-extinct wildlife. It forms part of a global bio-diversity “hotspot”, out of 41 listed endangered species of wildlife are found in Assam, which includes Golden Langur, Hoolock Gibbon, Pygmy Hog, Hispid Hare, White-Winged Wood duck, Tiger, Clouded Leopard, Swamp Deer, Gangetic Dolphins, etc. Rainfall, one of the highest in the world (between 178 and 305 cm), is concentrated in 4 months, June to September. 

Sericulture has been practised in the State from time immemorial, and the State is proud of traditionally producing Muga, Eri, and Mulberry silks. Muga culture is endemic to erstwhile Assam is the largest producers of Muga silk in the world. Though Assam produces all the 4 varieties of silk, yet major emphases have been given in production of Muga and Eri Silk which are popularly a Vanya Silk. Assam Contributes 95% and 65% of country’s total Muga and Eri production respectively.

Assam is known for producing all the four types of silk. Sericulture has been practised in the state from time immemorial, and is proud of traditionally producing Muga & Eri silks. Muga culture is endemic to erstwhile Assam and is the largest producer of the famous golden Muga silk in the world. Muga culture is mainly distributed in the districts of Kamrup, Goalpara, Udalguri, Kokrajhar, Tinsukia, Dibrugarh, Sibsagar, Jorhat, Golaghat, Lakhimpur & Dhemaji. Eri silk is produced across the state especially in Kamrup, Goalpara, Udalguri, Darang, Tinsukia, Dibrugarh, Sibsagar, Jorhat, Golaghat, Lakhimpur, Dhemaji, Nagaon, Morigaon, Darrang, Cachar, Karbi Anglong, N.C. Hills, Kokrajhar and Dhubri districts. Production of Mulberry silk has declined over the years and restricted to Jorhat, Golaghat, Sibsagar, Darrang etc., whereas Oak Tasar is confined to a very limited scale in North Cachar hills and Karbi Anglong districts.