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Government Of Assam Handloom Textiles & Sericulture Directorate of Sericulture

Silk and its uses

Silk is a continuous protein filament secreted by particular types of insects (sericigenous) commonly known as silkworms. Matured worms toss their heads in a figure eight, extruding a semi liquid mixture of protein, coated with a gummy substance called sericin from spinneret. The liquid silk thus ejected at the rate of about a foot per minute; becomes when expose to air, the fibre the worms use to create the fabulous silk.

Silk constitutes about 3% of the world textile trade. More than 30 countries produce silk, and India’s share in global raw silk production is nearly 17.5% behind China (79.10%).

Common name of silk

  1. Arab- Kas, Khus, Harir
  2. Barmese – Tsa
  3. Chinese – Sec,Szu
  4. Dutch-Zeide
  5. English - Silk
  6. French - Soie
  7. Greek-Ser
  8. German - Seiden
  9. Hindi - Resham
  10. Icelandic- Silke
  11. Italian - Seta
  12. Japanese – Kinu
  13. Kannada- Reshme
  14. Kashmiri- Krimkas
  15. Korean – Soi
  16. Latin- Sericum
  17. Manchu-Sirghe
  18. Mangol –Sirkok
  19. Malaya- Sutra
  20. Malayalam- Pattu
  21. Marathi-Resham
  22. Parsian-Abresham
  23. Russian - Sheiolk
  24. Sanaskrit- Resham
  25. Sweedish-Siden
  26. Spanish - Seda
  27. Tamil-Pattu
  28. Telugu-Pattu
  29. Turkey- Spek, Harir

Uses of Silk

Silk is used for clothing such as shirts, ties, blouses, formal dresses, high fashion clothes, lingerie, pajamas, robes, dress suits, sun dresses and Eastern folk costumes,plain silk, deluxe, satin, chiffon, chinnons, crepe, broacades are made from mulberry silk.

Cosy and soft sky jackets, comforters, sleeping bags, Knitted materials i.e. socks, stocking are made from hand-spun silk.

Physical properties of silk filament

Physical properties of silk filament include size (denier), breaking load, tenacity, elongation percentage, and colour and luster of silk yarn.